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       The Palomar MascarĂł family comes from a long line of MD and sight professionals. We’ll talk about some of them.




FERNANDO PALOMAR PETIT (1932-2004), Neuro-ophthalmologist. Specialist in neuro-ophthalmology concerns, and one of the pioneers in the use of fluorescent angiography in Spain.  Among his vast scientific work, we will highlight his two books on neuro-ophthalmology: “ExploraciĂłn y sintomatologĂ­a oftalmoneurolĂłgica” (Ophthalmo-neurology exploration and symptomatology), published along his father; and “Neuro-oftalmologĂ­a. ExploraciĂłn, pruebas y diagnĂłstico” (Neuro-ophthalmology. Exploration, tests and diagnosis) a book published with his children.

In 1963, he got a permanent position as M.D. in the Ophthalmology Department of Hospital ClĂ­nico of Barcelona. Until 1970 he was head of the Hospital ClĂ­nico Ophthalmology department. From 1971 to 1994 he served as Head of Ophthalmology Department in the Sagrado CorazĂłn de Barcelona Hospital.

At the beginning of his professional career, he worked along his father at his father’s private practice office in the Mallorca street, lately becoming the director of it. Years later, in 1994, he moved his private practice to Sagrado CorazĂłn Hospital, founding the Consultorio OftalmolĂłgico Palomar (Palomar Ophthalmology Clinic.)   histfammod1

Among his teaching positions, he was assistant professor in the Ophthalmology Professional School of the University of Barcelona (1962-1969) and associate professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Barcelona Medical School (1967-1969)

He collaborated intensely, teaching neuro-ophthalmology courses, with the University of Barcelona Medical School and with the Instituto Barraquer. He was Number Member and Merit Member of the Barraquer Institute.

Dr. Fernando Palomar Collado and
Dr. Fernando Palomar Petit, operating.

Also, Dr. Fernando Palomar Petit developed his own surgery techniques, and techniques for pre and post-surgery strabismus training. He designed multiple surgical instruments.  He also developed techniques for helping sight rehabilitation in patients suffering from homonymous hemianopsies, treating thousands of patients in his private practice.
    histfammod2   histfammod3

Palomar Petit, F., Palomar MascarĂł, F.J., Palomar MascarĂł, MÂŞ V. NeurooftalmologĂ­a. ExploraciĂłn, pruebas y diagnĂłstico.

Barcelona: Elsevier-Masson, 2008.

He married MARIA LOURDES MASCARĂ“ BALLESTER. They had three children, who also work in the sight field: MARĂŤA VIRGINIA (1961), Ophthalmologist, MARĂŤA LOURDES (1962), Optician and FERNANDO (1968), Doctor of Optometry.


FERNANDO PALOMAR COLLADO (1885-1972), Ophthalmologist. He graduated in Medicine from the Universidad de Barcelona in 1918, getting his M.D. degree in Madrid in 1919 with a thesis on  “Local Anaesthesia on Ophthalmologic Surgery”He worked along with JosĂ© Antonio Barraquer and his grandfather, Dr. Collado. Dr Collado was the Director of  the Dispensario Municipal de la Lucha contra el Tracoma de Barcelona (Barcelona’s Town Council Clinic for the Fight against Trachoma) He did further studies in France and Germany. He was professor in the Sanitary Engineering School and founder and director of the Work School Ophthalmology Clinic.

He designed the Palomar Optotype, and several instruments for visual exploration and rehabilitation.  Among them, we’ll list the polyoptometer, the photocorimeter, the Photo-chromo-scotometer, the double arch perimeter, and so on.

      histfammod4   histfammod5

He authored many works, collaborating with the “Hispano-American Ophthalmological Society Archives”, and he was one of the founders of “Barcelona’s Medical Review”.

He was the author of the first treatise, written in Spanish, on neuro-ophthalmology: “Ophthalmo-neurology Exploration and Symptomatology “, published along his son, Professor Dr. Fernando Palomar Petit, in 1965.

Palomar Collado, F., Palomar Petit, F. ExploraciĂłn y sintomatologĂ­a oftalmoneurolĂłgica.
Barcelona: Palestra,1965.
Ophthalmologist in the city of Barcelona.  
He was the uncle of FERNANDO PALOMAR
ALEJANDRO PALOMAR DE LA TORRE-R ALEJANDRO PALOMAR DE LA TORRE (1873-1950). He was assistant of Dr. José Antonio Barraquer. He won the public competition for Zaragoza’s Clinical Professor position. He enrolled in the army as a doctor, and fought the Spanish-American War in the Philippines.In 1923 he was appointed Ophthalmology Professor at the University of Zaragoza, a position he held for 20 years, until he retired in 1943.He authored many ophthalmology publications, being, also, Zaragoza’s City Mayor for a long time.His great passion was painting, a passion he cultivated successfully, applying it to Ophthalmology.


This family counts with ten generations of medical doctors. We will focus in the ones related and devoted to sight care.
IMG_1804 MARIA LOURDES MASCARĂ“ BALLESTER (1936), Contactologist. One of the first ones to adapt PMMA contact lenses in Barcelona.  Her brother, FERNANDO MASCARĂ“ BALLESTER (1945), Ophthalmologist, married MERCEDES ZAMORA PÉREZ (1945) also Ophthalmologist.  One of their children, FERRAN MASCARO ZAMORA (1972), is an Ophthalmologist specialized in orbital surgery.
RETRATO JAIME ISERN DE GENER-R JAIME ISERN DE GENER (1789-1863) Surgeon doctor, translated the Scarpa, being this translation the first book on ophthalmology available in Spanish.  His son, FRANCISCO ISERN Y DE LLOSELLAS,  was the Barcelona Liceum Medical doctor.  He had a daughter: ERNESTINA ISERN Y CAPDEVILA who married JOSÉ MASCARĂ“ Y CAPELLA (1838-1905)
                          instrumental_oftalmologico_1855-r     histfammod6
AMASCARO-R ANICETO MASCARĂ“ Y COS (1842-1906) Ophthalmologist in Lisbon.  He invented the first reading system for the blind, system that was used up to the development of the Braille system. His wife, SRA. DOMÉNECH was also Ophthalmologist.  They had a son, ANICETO MASCARĂ“ DOMÉNECH, also Ophthalmologist.

optoanimx50 R+D COP  

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